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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/001
AUTHOR vikash kumar shrivastava
TITLE An experimental Study on Black Cotton soil stabilized with Rice husk ash and randomly distributed Sisal fibres
ABSTRACT Transportation infrastructure is the key element for the growth of any country and is essential for good physical connectivity in very small villages, remote areas and hilly areas can be accessed only by roads.“Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna” (PMGSY) – it was estimated that about 330,000 out of its 825,000 villages and habitations were without any all-weather road access. This Centrally Sponsored Scheme was introduced in 2000 by the Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It is under the authority of the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and began on 25 December 2000. It is fully funded by the Central Government. For executing the transportation facilities, the quality of a pavement depends on the strength of its soil sub-grade. Soil is very basic and important element in civil engineering field. Usually each structure depends on the type and characteristics of foundation which depends on type of soil. Basically black cotton soil is rather a difficult one to use in foundation because of its shrinkage and swelling properties. There are many methods to make black cotton soil stable for various constructions. Black cotton soil is comfortable for road work, compared to other types of soil. There are two ways to enhance the quality of subgrade soil -“Replacement of soil” or “Soil stabilization”. Soil stabilization can be done chemically or mechanically. Chemical stabilization is carried out by adding different chemicals in suitable proportion, while Mechanical stabilization is achieved by addition of admixtures which helps to improve the properties of soil. Today, the amount of waste has increased year by year and then it becomes serious problem in disposing large quantity of agricultural waste like Sugarcane Bagasse Ash, rice husk ash and Sisal fiber etc.
Keyword Keywords: BC Soil, Rice Husk Ash, Sisal Fibre, OMC, MDD, CBR and Swelling.
Page No. 8101-8111
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/003
AUTHOR Ms.Sheetal Patel*Dr.Sandhya Choudhary** Dr. Abhay Wankhede**Dr.V.K. Swarnakar
TITLE Knowledge & Adoption Behavior of Flower Growers Under NHM in Ujjain Dist. of Madhya Pradesh, India
ABSTRACT India has an ancient heritage of floriculture. Commercial floriculture however is of recent origin. Still 98.5% of flowers are grown under open cultivation and hardly 1.5% flowers are grown under greenhouse. The commercial floriculture is now recognized as an important sector with the potential for generating employment and earning valuable foreign exchange. There has been tremendous growth in the demand and consumption of floriculture products in the last two decades therefore the study was conducted in Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh. Ujjain district is one of the important flower growing districts and hence, considered under National Horticultural Mission (NHM) programme by taking 120 flower growers. Knowledge & adoption behaviour of flower growers, in present study, refers the extent of improved flower production technology and practices adopted by the flower growers under NHM programme on their farm as per the recommendation. To measure the level of adoption behaviour, adoption index was developed which consisted of 14 practices. The perusal of data with respect to level of overall knowledge & Adoption of flower growers in respect of floriculture package of practices revealed that, the highest proportion of the flower growers about floriculture package of practices.
Keyword Knowledge level: Knowledge as defined, is body of understood information possessed by individual flower growers. Adoption behaviour of flower growers: Adoption behaviour of flower growers, in present study, refers the extent of improved flower production technology and practices adopted by the flower growers under NHM programme. NHM-National Horticulture Mission
Page No. 8147-8152
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/005
AUTHOR J. R. Janitha Rani, Ph.D. Research Scholar, M. S. University, Tirunelveli, Dr. H. Deepa, Assistant Professor, DD & CE, M.S. University, Tirunelveli
TITLE A STUDY ON SELF-ESTEEM OF SECONDARY TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS
ABSTRACT Teachers are responsible to guide students to learn by providing clear directions and explanations in order to educate the future generation. In the present study the investigator has attempted to study the self-esteem of secondary teacher education students. The sample consisted of 900 secondary teacher education students, who were studying B.Ed. degree in Colleges of Education at Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari and Thoothukudi district and the investigator adopted the normative survey method. The findings of the study were, i) No significant difference was found between male and female students in their self-esteem and its dimensions and ii) significant difference was found between married and unmarried secondary teacher education students in their self-esteem and its dimensions
Keyword Self Esteem, 900 Secondary Teacher Education Students, B.Ed. Degree Colleges, Normative Survey Method, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari & Thoothukudi, Married & Unmarried Secondary Teacher Education Students
Page No. 8112-8116
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/008
AUTHOR Sreekeshava K S
TITLE Analytical Studies on The Modelling of Masonry-Infill Reinforced Concrete Frames Under Lateral Loads
ABSTRACT Constructions methods being practiced in urban centers are with reinforced concrete (RC) frames being in-filled with brick or concrete block masonry. The behavior of RC frames under gravity loads are well understood and hence only the mass of MI is being considered in the analysis of such frames. The lateral load response of MI-RC frame resulting due to wind or seismic loads is largely influenced due to the high lateral stiffness and strength contributed by MI and they also influence the post yield response of the structural system significantly. This thesis highlights the influence of brick masonry infill on the design values of MI-RC frames under various load combinations as prescribed by the Indian seismic code depending on the type of modeling technique adopted to model the MI-RC frames. Analytical modelling has been discussed for various types of masonry infills and feasible one is modelling as diagonal strut element is recommended using finite element software.
Keyword In-filled RC frame; Lateral stiffness; Diagonal strut, Base shear, lateral load response.
Page No. 8147-8157
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/009
AUTHOR DR. Neeta Avinash Wahane
TITLE Juvenile Nephroophthisis with review of literature along with an autopsy case report”
ABSTRACT Nephroophthisis is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease that contributes the most frequent genetic cause of End stage kidney disease (ESKD). It is a rare disorder that affects 9/13 million and accounts for 10-25% of these patients. There are three clinical forms of Nephroophthisis which have been distinguished depending upon the onset of ESKD- 1) Infantile, 2) Juvenile and 3) Adolescent which manifests ESKD at the age of 1, 13 and 19 years respectively. We report an autopsy case in 11 years old boy that had history of chronic kidney disease. The gross examination of bilateral kidneys showed uniform granular and finely scarred surface with adherent capsule at places. Multiple small medullary cysts up to size 8mm were seen on cut-surface. The histological findings of examined slides from the representative’s areas showed extensive sclerosis of glomeruli, peri- glomerular fibrosis, interstitial chronic infiltrate of lymphocytes and few plasma cells. There are also areas showing tubular dilatation and cystic changes involving distal tubules and collecting ducts. Thus findings of gross and histological features confirmed the diagnosis of Nephroophthisis Hence it should always be kept in mind while dealing with ESKD at an early age.
Keyword JUVENILE NEPHROOPHTHISIS, END STAGE KIDNEY, AUTOPSY
Page No. 8140-8146
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/010
AUTHOR Viji V.
TITLE The Conceptualization, Theorization and Functional Structuring of SOLO Taxonomy in the Teaching of Science: An Anecdotal Description by a Researcher
ABSTRACT Education primarily centers on the targets or goals, which are outlined by educational objectives, focused on the realization of fruitful learning experiences through instruction. Educationalists and mentors intend to cultivate distinct behavioural attributes in students, which are productively achieved through educational
taxonomies. Taxonomies are cataloging structures based on a logistic pattern, which signify a group of thoughtfully conceived and precise terms, well-arranged from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract. Educational taxonomies are categorization frameworks to systematize educational goals and decide the suitability of particular learning outcomes in a simple and reasonable manner within the classroom. Various distinctive educational taxonomies have developed with the objective of extending the teacher-pupil collaboration beyond the four walls of the classroom. This paper is an upshot of the insightful scrutiny and analysis of the major educational taxonomies defined and developed by renowned educators. Among the chief educational taxonomies, the SOLO Taxonomy developed by Biggs and Collis in 1982, which organized objectives in five levels of understanding as Pre-structural, Unistructural, Multistructural, Relational and Extended Abstract, was carefully studied, and an infographics on the SOLO Taxonomy was created. The investigator framed the phases as well as constructed lesson templates based on these phases, for each of the major educational taxonomies, including SOLO Taxonomy, in order to make them appropriate for classroom instruction. The investigator also spotted the struggles encountered in the real-life application of the SOLO Taxonomy in classroom scenario by way of a Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) Generation Session.
Keyword Educational Objectives, Educational Taxonomy, SOLO Taxonomy, Levels of Understanding, Lesson Template, Infographics, Frequently Asked Question Generation Session
Page No. 8117-8128
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USERID IJIFR/V4/E11/012
AUTHOR R.Anantha Laxmi1 and Dr.M.Jeyakumari2 PhD Research Scholar, PG and Research Department of Commerce, V.O.Chidambaram College, Thoothukudi,1 Associate Professor, PG and Research Department of Commerce, V.O.Chidambaram College, Thoothukudi2
TITLE Living Standard Of Salt Workers Community In Southern Districts Of Tamil Nadu
ABSTRACT Salt workers are engaged in salt production spending eight months of a year in remote locations devoid of any infrastructure for housing, health and education. Due to lack of other opportunities and less accessibility, most continue the salt work. They are the victims of low wages, seasonal unemployment, low incomes, poverty and indebtedness. The low access to information and illiteracy limits them from thinking about alternative livelihood options. In this paper, the researchers analyse the living standards of salt workers from the southern districts of Tamil Nadu. This paper gives a comprehensive picture of the socio economic status and standard of living of the salt workers in terms of their earnings, indebtedness and possession of household facilities. A sample size of six hundred and ninety four respondents is selected for the research from Thoothukudi, Ramanathapuram and Kanyakumari districts. The study quantitatively analyses the salt workers’ demographic profile, income, expenditure, earnings, indebtedness and possession of household facilities using primary data. Appropriate findings and suggestions are given in the paper
Keyword Poverty, salt worker, socio economic status
Page No. 8129-8139
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VOLUME- 4 ISSUE-11, JULY2017
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2017 UGC APPROVED JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH SERIAL NO. 4193 JOURNAL NO. 45094 SERIAL NO. 4756 JOURNAL NO. 48105
2017 UGC APPROVED JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH SERIAL NO. 4193 JOURNAL NO. 45094 SERIAL NO. 4756 JOURNAL NO. 48105
2017 UGC APPROVED JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH SERIAL NO. 4193 JOURNAL NO. 45094 SERIAL NO. 4756 JOURNAL NO. 48105
2017 UGC APPROVED JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH SERIAL NO. 4193 JOURNAL NO. 45094 SERIAL NO. 4756 JOURNAL NO. 48105
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